Transaction checks

Previous Next

Transaction checks are checks applied to manipulated records when the transaction commits, that is, at a later time than the store-record events for these records. This later evaluation time is necessary because, to do the check, any corrections to other records must have taken place first.

The transaction commits only if all transaction checks are passed. This is also expressed by saying that transaction checks occur in the pre-commit phase of a commit event.

The following types of table constraint are evaluated as transaction checks:

Restrictive, non-transitional, multi-record constraints.

Restrictive, non-transitional, single-record constraints that are deferred (= that have the Deferred = Until Commit setting).

Transaction checks contrast with row checks.

A transaction check may be optimised by using a transaction checklist compiled during store-record events.

Transaction checks are listed in BenchMark profiler output with Reason = CONSTRAINT_TEST.



A business rule "A passenger cannot participate at the same time in 2 different tours that overlap on the calendar." is implemented by a restrictive multi-record constraint:

SELECT    ''
FROM      passenger p
,         tour t1
,         tour t2
,         p "PARTICIPATES_IN" t2
WHERE     t2.start_date > t1.start_date 
AND       t2.start_date < t1.end_date 


This constraint is evaluated as a transaction check. This happens each time that a PASSENGER is (re)assigned to a tour, and also each time that the startdate or enddate of a TOUR changes.

Effect of transaction checks

An evaluated transaction check has an effect if the constraint's SELECT query applied to the application data being committed returns 1 or more rows. The effect is that processing is blocked and the constraint message defined for the table constraint is returned. The transaction is not committed.


See also

Constraint activation events

Constraint evaluation order